The Ancient City of Bronze. Benin City is home to Benin art- sculptures of famous heads and pieces made of bronze or brass; it is the capital of Edo state and is located in the southern part of Nigeria. Benin City is called The Ancient City of Bronze. It is one of the most cultural areas in Nigeria and has maintained its rich culture and tradition. Benin art can be found locally and internationally. It is known for its rich history, culture, festivals and arts.